Learn to code Python! Part 3: For and While!
Welcome back to Part 3 of my Python tutorial here on replit. Yes, this is the third one today but school is boring so here I am doing this. In the last tutorial we learnt about if, elif, and else. These are pretty much the most important thing in python ever.
So head on over to your code and look at
elif func_select == 2:. We are going to be deleting accounts so we need to get information from the user about what account they want deleted. So first add this code inside that elif statement.
accDelete = input("account: ")
Next we are going to iterate through the list accounts. What is iterating says the padawan at the front, well iterating is looping. If I was to iterate through a string
"Hello World", then I would be looping through each character of that string once. We can do this with a for loop, I will show you another type of loop in a second.
A for loop works by iterating through each character in a string, or each item in a list. So what we want to do is iterate through each item in a list to find the specific account we will be deleting. So copy this code into the file.
for items in accounts: if items == accDelete: accounts.remove(items)
So this is a for loop, it iterates through the thing it's being told to which in this case is accounts. You see items up there? Well items is a variable which is equal to the item or character that you are currently iterating through. So if items is equal to the account the person wants to delete then, remove items.
So, what if they capitalise the account wrong? Good question, we need to go up to
if func_select == 1: and change something in here. So we can turn the account into all lowercase letters so that it is easier to find the correct account.
accCreateLow = accCreate.lower()
This turns all the characters into lowercase letters, we can change lower to upper to make them uppercase. Now do the same in
elif func_select == 2:, then change the for loop accordingly, I will let you do that.
When testing this, make sure to add at 1 least value to the accounts and balance list because when adding an account the code itself won't update
And you are now done the account deletion! Congrats!
Here is that other loop I was talking about. It is called a while loop, it does the same thing over and over until the condition is false.
while condition: body
So it's pretty simple, we can make it say hello world 5 times.
i = 0 while i <= 6: print("Hello World") i = i + 1
This will print "Hello World" 5 times. Now <= means less than or equal to, you can do the same with >. See i = i + 1? This is what escapes the while loop, it adds 1 to i each time it loops through, so when i is > 5 it will stop. Now I challenge you to make a while loop that counts forever. I will show you how to do it in Part 4 if you can't do it. Make sure to comment below with your code for the counter.
That concludes Part 3 of my Python tutorial, I hope you enjoyed yourself, have fun and good coding!
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